Prime Lenses

  • Fix focal
  • Fix spread
  • Can get a really low aperture
  • Can shoot in very low light
  • Usually attached to most cameras as it is the closest to what you see through your eyes

Different Lenses

  • Zoom lens
  • Fish eye lens
  • Telephoto lens
  • Tilt and shift lens
  • Wide angle lens


How It Works

  • Shutter Speed
  • Aperture
  • ISO


Different Shutter Speeds


Don’t go below 60 when hand holding

Smaller number, longer shutter speed -> lets in more light

Larger number, shorter shutter speed -> lets in less light




Smaller numbers let in most light

Larger numbers let in least light


If you have less light with the aperture you need more light with the shutter speed



ISO = International Standardization Organisation


Light sensitivity of the film

Smaller numbers = not very sensitive to light

Larger numbers = very sensitive to light